WEEK 2: Lineage of the Prophet ﷺ

Heraclius, the Roman emperor, asked Abu Sufyan, “What is his family status amongst you?”

“He belongs to a good (noble) family amongst us.” replied Abu Sufyan [Bukhari]

Main Points

This week, there are 4 major topics that should be covered:

  • Discuss the 3 types of Arabs and which category the Prophet ﷺ falls into
  • Discuss the story of Ibrahim (alayhi salam), highlighting the two lineages that descend from Ismail and Ishaq (alayhi salam)

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    • Spend time discussing the story of Ismail (alayhi salam), particularly the formation of the well of ZamZam and the building of the Kaaba
  • Discuss the “ownership” of ZamZam
    • Highlight the tribes of Jurhum, Khuza’a, Quzay, and  Amr (Hashim), Shayba (Abdul Muttalib)
  • Discuss the introduction of idol worship into Makkah by Amr bin Nuhay
  • Note: the detail provided in discussing the lineage of the Prophet ﷺ should be adjusted according to the audience’s age
    • Ex: for pre-teens, simply discussing Ibrahim, Ishaq, Ismail (alayhi salam) and their relation to Abdul Muttalib, Abdullah, Aminah, and the Prophet ﷺ may be sufficient

Discussion Questions

  • Why do you think it’s important to know a person’s lineage? Is a person’s family still an important part of who they are in today’s time?
  • In light of our discussion, why do you think Ibrahim (alayhi salam) is referred to as Khaleelullah (the friend of Allah )?

Reflection points

  • From the beginning, Allah is highlighting the importance of a family/community for the success of the deen.
    • In Ismail (alayhi salam)’s story, we see the pivotal role that the entire family played- Ibrahim (alayhi salam) followed the command of Allah , Hajar searched for water, and Ismail (alayhi salam) hit his feet on the ground. Effort was exerted from all individuals, leading to a great opening for their family, and ultimately for mankind. Thus, it is that Allah immortalized the honor of the entire family of Ibrahim (alayhi salam) in Hajj, a pillar of our deen.
  • Sometimes, divine wisdom is difficult to see, and that’s exactly why it’s divine.
    • We all know the saying “hindsight is 20/20.” That is, we often don’t understand why things are happening when they happen. However, more often than not, we see why something that was seemingly bad ended up being good for us. Put yourself in Ibrahim (alyhi salam)’s shoes- leaving your family in the desert without food or water would not seem like a good idea. Shortly thereafter, Allah showed Ibrahim (alayhi salam) and his family that following this command was a great source of barakah for them and their descendents.
  • Doubt of self should always be coupled with a deep trust in Allah .
    • At times when Ibrahim (alayhi salam) doubted his own ability to follow the commands of Allah , he still trusted Allah , and thus, Allah provided him support and encouragement from those around him. For example, when Ibrahim (alayhi salam) was unsure about whether or not he could bring himself to sacrifice Ismail (alayhi salam), Ismail (alayhi salam) helped him strengthen his resolve. As such, we see the importance trials and self doubt often play in developing our trust in Allah .  
  • When Amr bin Nuhay introduced idolatry into Makkah, he didn’t do so with the direct intention of committing shirk. Rather, he felt that it was a means to draw closer to Allah .
    • This is how Shaytaan tricks us- often, we start off with noble intentions and over time they become muddled and changed, and we end up moving further away from Allah .

Lessons

  • Be with Allah , and Allah will be with you
    • Tawwakkul, or trust in Allah is a paramount characteristic we sometimes lack. Put yourself in Ibrahim (alayhi salam)’s shoes- he was able to remain calm while sitting in the catapult because he had 1000% trust that Allah was going to take care of him. The same goes for Ismail (alayhi salam) when Ibrahim (alayhi salam) was instructed to sacrifice him. Despite there being no apparent way out of either situation, they fully believed that Allah could create a way out, and He did.
  • Effort
    • There is a delicate balance between trusting Allah and doing our part. Anas ibn Malik (radiAllahu anhu) reported: A man said, “Oh Messenger of Allah, should I tie my camel and trust in Allah , or should I untie her and trust in Allah?” The Messenger of Allah said, “Tie her and trust in Allah.

Action item: When you come across a hardship or setback this week, recite “HasbiAllahu wa ni’mal wakeel” (Allah is sufficient for me) as a reminder to yourself that Allah is taking care of you, just as he took care of our father, Ibrahim (alayhi salam).

Resources

  • Seerah by Shaykh Khalid Abdul Sattar: Lecture 1
  • Seerah by Mufti Hussain Kamani: Lecture 1
  • The Sealed Nectar by Saifur-Rahman Al-Mubarakpuri (p. 98-99)
  • Muhammad ﷺ The Last Prophet by Abdul Hasan Ali Nadwi (p. 15-16)
  • Muhammad by Martin Lings (p. 1-15)
  • Prophet of Mercy by Shaykh Abul Hasan Ali Nadwi (p. 73-76)
  • When the Moon Split by Saif-ur-Rahman Al-Mubarakpuri (p. 16-18)
  • Muhammad Man and Prophet by Adil Salahi (p. 1-10)
  • In the Footsteps of the Prophet by Dr. Tariq Ramadan (p. 1-8)
  • Revelation by Meraj Mohiuddin (p. 43-58)
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